Hand deformities can be separated into two categories; congenital or acquired. A congenital deformity is present at birth, while an acquired deformity is a result of an injury or disease.
Congenital deformities are most often treated as soon as the child is deemed old enough, assuming treatment is available. It is not uncommon for children to grow into adulthood without correcting the problem. If you fall into this category and would like to discuss the available treatment options, call the Fort Worth Hand Center today for an appointment or click here to request an appointment.
Acquired Deformities are those resulting from injury or disease. These should be treated promptly, if possible, to avoid surgical treatment. Some common deformities are:
- Dupuytren’s Contracture (Palmer Fibromatosis) is a progressive tightening of the bands of fibrous tissue (called fascia) inside the palms, causing a curling in of the fingers that eventually can result in a claw-like hand.
- Arthritis is a condition in which cartilage (the padding between bones) breaks down, resulting in abnormal joints. In addition to causing pain and decreased motion, arthritis is a leading cause of hand and finger deformities. Surgery to replace, reshape or fuse arthritic joints is an effective way to improve appearance as well as function.
- Tendon abnormalities such as abnormal tightness, laxity or tendon laceration can disrupt the delicate balance of the fingers or wrist, resulting in deformity and loss of motion. Common examples of tendon abnormalities include mallet finger, swan-neck deformity, boutonniere deformity, tendon rupture or penetrating trauma resulting in laceration of the tendons.
- Masses such as ganglion cysts, bone spurs, tumors or swollen joints can be unattractive or painful. Additionally, some masses are concerning for malignancy, and should be evaluated or removed.
If you suspect that you or a loved one have or may be developing an acquired deformity, call Fort Worth Hand Center today for a full evaluation, proper diagnosis and individualized treatment plan or click here to request an appointment.